NewsWhat is the plan to reform the European Union before the entry...

    What is the plan to reform the European Union before the entry of Ukraine, Moldova and the Balkans?

    Diplomats and officials have been debating for months in Brussels the need and suitability of a future enlargement of the European Union. What they do not debate is that, if carried out, first We must reform the way the block operates because otherwise it would be impossible to handle.

    Successive enlargements have led the European Union from six founding partners to today be a bloc of 27 countries (there were 28 until Brexit) that at the beginning of the next decade could reach 35. Beyond the number, expanding the European Union towards Balkans and integrate Ukraine It would profoundly change the economic, social and political aspect of the continent.

    Two issues are of main concern.

    The current operation is already complicated enough to add up to eight more countries, all with veto power, all with a member in the European Commission (a kind of executive power that would go to 35 commissioners) and more than 800 MEPs.

    The president of Ukraine, Volodymyr Zelensky, demands entry into the EU. Photo: BLOOMBERG

    Furthermore, the rules by which the funds are currently distributed would mean that Ukraine, if it joined, would take 100% of the aid to agriculture and almost 90% of the cohesion or structural funds, which help the development of the poorest regions of the continent.

    Added to this is that its entry, that of Moldova and that of the Balkans Albania, North Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and even Kosovo and Bosnia-Herzegovina, would make many countries that today are net recipients net contributors to European funds.


    How to fix it? A group of experts pointed by the governments of Germany and France have just written a report that proposes institutional reforms that would revolutionize the functioning of the bloc.

    They ask for institutional measures, such as reducing the number of MEPs and European Commissioners (there would no longer be one per country), in addition to ending the rule of unanimity in decision-making, which would be accompanied by toughening the requirements to achieve blocking minorities. . Something that the older ones won’t like but that makes it easier for the little ones to accept. because your voice will be worth more.

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    They also propose reforms, for example, to toughen the delivery of European funds, linking them more to respect for the rules of the rule of law to avoid authoritarian drifts such as those currently in Hungary and Poland, which have had these two countries clashing with Brussels in the European courts since years ago.

    But the great reform goes further. The report calls for the creation of four concentric groups, a euphemism for saying that there would be full members and others with fewer rights.

    Associated States

    In the third circle would remain the “Associated States”, a bag in which countries could fall that wanted to enter the European Union and that were not accepted or were not accepted temporarily but whose economies would be accepted in the European common market, where they govern. the freedom of movement of people, cital and goods. And in the fourth circle, called ‘European Political Community’ (and already existing, but without further structure or content) there could even be countries like the United Kingdom or Turkey.

    Some countries fear that the arrival of new member states will be conditional on these reforms. It would be a way to block their entry if the reforms drag on. In a report written by Baltic, Polish, Scandinavian and Croatian political scientists (their countries are in favor of enlargement as soon as possible) they ask for this non-conditionality. They fear that the Franco-German report and its reforms will be an excuse to stop enlargement.

    Source: Clarin

    This post is posted by Awutar staff members. Awutar is a global multimedia website. Our Email: [email protected]


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