Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador called for the release of Pedro Castillo, while Gabriel Boric condemned the human rights violations.
The serious political crisis that Peru is going through was part of the debate during the summit of leaders of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (Celac), which took place in Buenos Aires, Argentina. There were several representatives, of the 33 countries that attend in total, who requested the release of the ousted former president Pedro Castillo, who is in custody, accused of rebellion and conspiracy.
There were also calls for the elections to be brought forward in Peru as soon as possible, and voices were heard against the repression that has caused more than 60 deaths in the context of protests against the government of Dina Boluarte.
The president of Chile, Gabriel Boric, condemned the violations of human rights in the days of protest that take place throughout the Peruvian territory and that are concentrated in Lima, the capital.
“We cannot be indifferent when today in our sister Republic of Peru, with the government under the command of Dina Boluarte, people who go out to march, to demand what they consider fair, end up shot by those who should defend them”Boric noted. And he regretted that “More than 50 people have lost their lives.”
CELAC: President Gabriel Boric: “We cannot be indifferent when today in our sister republic of Peru, with the government under the command of Dina Boluarte, people who go out to march, to demand what they consider just, end up shot by those who should defend them ” pic.twitter.com/PGxj1d0xf0
— PIENSAPRENSA 315,000 Followers (@PiensaPrensa) January 24, 2023
“This should shock us. It is also unacceptable that the universities of America revive the sad scenes of the times of the dictatorships of the Southern Cone, as happened recently with the violent entry of the police into the University of San Marcos,” continued the Chilean president. , while pointing “the urgent need for a change of course in Peru”.
“The balance that the path of repression and violence has left is unacceptable for those of us who defend, and I have no doubt that here in Celac that will is overwhelmingly majority, democracy and human rights,” he said.
For his part, the President of Mexico, Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, who did not attend the summit, asked in a video sent to the attendees that the request for the release of former Peruvian President Pedro Castillo be included in the final statement, considering “an infamy” his dismissal and subsequent arrest.
The Mexican head of state said that “coups d’etat, neither military nor technical” cannot be tolerated in the region. He also requested an end to the repression against the Peruvian population and the holding of “fair and free elections.”
“We must not leave the brotherly people of Peru alone. What they did with Pedro Castillo and the way in which they are repressing the people was an infamy. We must jointly sign a statement to demand that the repression ceasethat dialogue be opened, that it be the people who decide in democracy,” he said.
“No to authoritarianism. And freedom for Pedro Castillo, because he is unjustly imprisoned,” added the president, who offered political asylum to the former Peruvian president when he was deposed by Congress on December 7.
Mexico was represented by the Secretary of Foreign Relations, Marcelo Ebrard, a man of “absolute confidence” of Lopez Obrador, who excused himself from appearing because he had “enough work” in his country. In his speech, Ebrard highlighted the request for Castillo’s release.
In agreement with this claim, the Colombian president, Gustavo Petro, expressed himself, who referred to the political situation in Peru, although without expressly mentioning it: “Why do there have to be parliamentary and violent coups? Why are popularly elected presidents in jail today, when they should be at this table?”he pointed.
“It is time that the inter-American system, placed in order for the 21st century, allows a democratic pact here where the right and the left do not believe that when they come to power it is to physically eliminate their opponent,” he said. And he added that in Latin America “there does not have to be a single political prisoner.”
In turn, the Head of State of Honduras, Xiomara Castro, declared: “The right does not rest. It cynically talks about development and plans coups. Through its media machinery, the economic boycott and political persecution, the ‘lawfare’ (judicial war), it maintains a permanent aggression against our peoples”.
The wife of former president Manuel Zelaya, who was deposed by a coup in 2009, affirmed that “in the face of the failure of the OAS” (Organization of American States), today Celac “is more necessary than ever.” “Only united can we shield ourselves from the ferocious attacks of neo-fascism, which seeks to impose the selfish interests of the great economic powers,” she said.
President Alberto Fernandez, host of the regional meeting, did not make direct reference to the case of Peru, but stated that the region’s democracies “are at risk” due to the presence of “far-right sectors that have stood up and threaten our peoples”.
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