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    Mexico is heading towards the election of its first female president in history

    With the recent confirmation of Claudia Sheinbaum’s candidacy by the ruling party and the ratification of Mexico. In parallel with the announcements of the candidacies, former Foreign Minister Marcelo Ebrard, who came second in the ruling party’s survey, assured that he will be in the electoral race, shaking up the country’s political scene.

    The electoral event that will take place on June 2, 2024 already has its protagonists on both fronts. Mexico City was the scene of the announcement of Claudia Sheinbaum as a candidate for the National Regeneration Movement (Morena), a left-wing party to which the current Mexican head of state, Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, belongs. The former mayor of the capital is officially the one chosen to seek continuity in power.

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    Sheinbaum took first place in the national survey organized by Morena, where around 39% of the 12,500 citizens surveyed preferred to see Sheinbaum in the electoral race, in a process that the now ruling party candidate described as “good.”

    For his part, Lopez Obrador congratulated the election of the former mayor, stating that he will no longer be the leader of the “transformation movement in Mexico” to hand over the baton to Sheinbaum.

    “I support Claudia Sheinbaum. Today I am no longer the leader of the transformation movement in Mexico. I am going to hand over the baton in the evening,” said the president in his daily conference from Mexico City.

    The former mayor of Mexico City Claudia Sheinbaum, presidential candidate for the ruling leftist Morena party © CLAUDIO CRUZ / AFP

    Claudia Sheinbaum: scientist, politician and the ruling party’s commitment to continuity

    Born in the Mexican capital on June 24, 1962 and with a doctorate in Energy Engineering, Claudia Sheinbaum began her political career within student groups at the Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM). It was the first step from which she made the full leap into public life with the help of Lopez Obrador, with whom she has lived closely since his joining the Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD) in 1989.

    Sheinbaum belonged to Lopez Obrador’s cabinet during his period as regent of Mexico City (2000-2005), where she served as Secretary of the Environment, and also participated as spokesperson in his first presidential campaign in 2006, where the current president fell. defeated against the right-wing Felipe Calderon. An election in which the Morena candidate echoed the complaints of electoral fraud made by Lopez Obrador.

    More recently, Claudia Sheinbaum entered the electoral race for the leadership of the Mexican capital in 2018. A decision that, according to the leftist, was at the request of AMLO himself, as his followers call him.

    The mayor of Mexico City, Claudia Sheinbaum, speaks at a press conference in the Mexican capital on June 12, 2023

    The mayor of Mexico City, Claudia Sheinbaum, speaks at a press conference in the Mexican capital on June 12, 2023 © Claudio Cruz / AFP

    “I didn’t want to be a candidate for head of government, I do it because Andres Manuel asked me to,” said Sheinbaum in a conversation with Mexican filmmakers in 2018, on the eve of the start of the electoral campaign for Mexico City.

    His mandate in the capital was full of chiaroscuros: management of the pandemic that sometimes contradicted the federal government, but had satisfactory results; the constant confrontation with feminist groups; criticism of the housing situation in the city and the disastrous fall of line 12 of the capital’s metro, which resulted in 27 deaths and dozens of injuries.

    This fact became one of the critical focuses of the opposition, led by the right, which seeks to prevent Sheinbaum from coming to power and hinder the continuity of Morena in the National Palace with one name: Xochitl Galvez.

    Xochitl Galvez: The ‘irreverent’ hope of the opposition

    Galvez was chosen from the opposition alliance made up of the National Action Party (PAN), traditionally conservative and right-wing; the Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD), AMLO’s former political association, and the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), which governed the country for more than 70 years.

    Mexico's presidential hopeful and opposition senator, Xochitl Galvez, participates in a press conference on August 29, 2023, in Mexico City, Mexico.

    Mexico’s presidential hopeful and opposition senator, Xochitl Galvez, participates in a press conference on August 29, 2023, in Mexico City, Mexico. © Jose Mendez / EFE

    An unconventional ideological and political mix is ​​the formula by which many admire ‘Xo’, as some of her supporters call her.

    At 66 years old, Xochitl Galvez was born in Tepatepec, Hidalgo, into an indigenous family with limited economic resources. In fact, its origin is one of the flags raised by the now opposition candidate.

    Always referring to meritocracy and using her story as an example of improvement, Galvez claims to have escaped poverty through the “sale of gelatin,” which was enough to pay for her university education and become the owner of various companies.

    Already as a politician, in 2015 she held the leadership of the Miguel Hidalgo delegation, within Mexico City, and in 2018 she entered the Mexican chamber with the blue and white flag of the PAN, although she has always expressed that she considers herself an “independent” politician. “.

    When Sheinbaum was named as the official candidate, Galvez was “happy” because Mexico would possibly have its first female president in 2024. However, he also criticized the transparency in the candidate election process in Morena, indirectly inviting former foreign minister Marcelo Ebrard, owner from second place in the official survey and denouncer of “irregularities in the process”, to join its front.


    “Did AMLO not deliver for you either? Join the millions of disappointed people. In this Broad Front we welcome you with our hearts, not with public forces,” the opposition candidate wrote on her X account.

    Marcelo Ebrard: the third in contention?

    Of all the candidates for the official candidacy, the former chancellor was the only one who was dissatisfied with the results of the survey, since Ebrard had denounced mismanagement of the ballots and ballot boxes at different voting points as a situation that would have diminished his possibility. of being the presidential candidate of Morena.

    Hours before the reveal of the final candidate of the Mexican left, Ebrard stated that he was “outside the process.” But what surprised citizens most was a statement that could break the unity of the progressive front in Mexico: “I will be on the ballot in 2024.”

    Ebrard’s statement shocked the Mexican political scene, since some voices within the country presume that the former foreign minister could join the Movimiento Ciudadano party and be an unexpected candidate who could break into the electoral contest, since he has a respectable political force. Ebrard came in second place in Morena’s survey with just over 25% approval.

    Mexican Minister Marcelo Ebrard speaks during a press conference on October 13, 2022 in Washington

    Mexican Minister Marcelo Ebrard speaks during a press conference on October 13, 2022 in Washington © Olivier Douliery / AFP / Archives

    Both Sheinbaum and Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador himself have opened the doors to dialogue with the former chancellor. In fact, the former mayor even offered to offer him a seat in his presidential cabinet if he manages to come to power next year.

    At the moment, there are two women who are vying for the Presidency of a country that is experiencing a serious and painful situation of femicides, with an average of 10 women murdered a day.

    In an unprecedented situation and within a country with spheres of power held by men, the historic contest between Sheinbaum and Galvez raises a question: Is Mexico ready for a female president?

    With EFE and local media



    Source: France 24

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