NewsAsiaLeaders arrive in India for G20 summit marked by division and absences

    Leaders arrive in India for G20 summit marked by division and absences

    US President Joe Biden, British Prime Minister Rishi Sunak, Italian Prime Minister Giorgia Meloni and the President of Argentina, Alberto Fernandez, have already landed in New Delhi for the high-level meeting that begins this Saturday, September 9. The presidents of Russia and China decided not to travel, while the United States and the European Union warned of difficulties in reaching a joint final statement at the close of the two-day summit.

    An armored New Delhi began to receive this Friday, September 8, the leaders of the world’s main economies for the G20 Summit of Heads of State and Government, which will take place this weekend.

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    In a controversial move, The Government of India ordered a total closure in the central area of ​​the country’s capital, as well as the deployment of 130,000 police and paramilitary personnel and Air Force support aircraft. Other controversial actions in preparation for the meeting were the demolition of precarious homes near the summit headquarters or the scaring away of monkeys and stray dogs.

    With markets and schools closed and traffic disrupted, the usual bustle of central New Delhi gave way to paralysis in the heart of the city, where the leaders will stay during the summit, which will take place in a luxurious recently built convention center. .

    An Indian security force personnel stands guard outside the Le Meridien hotel ahead of the G20 Summit in New Delhi on September 7, 2023. © Amit Dave / Reuters

    british prime minister Rishi Sunakhis Italian counterpart Giorgia Melonithe Argentine president Alberto Fernandez and the head of the European Council, Charles Michelwere some of the first to arrive in India for the match.

    Later it was the turn of the arrival of the Secretary General of the UN, Antonio Guterresand the US president Joe Bidenwho will hold a face-to-face meeting with the host, the Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

    The participation of the French president is also confirmed Emmanuel Macronthe German chancellor Olaf Scholzthe Saudi crown prince Mohamed bin Salmanfrom the Brazilian president Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva and the Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishidaamong others.

    Also arriving this Friday was the Russian Foreign Minister, Sergei Lavrov, who heads his country’s delegation to the absence of President Vladimir Putin. This will be one of the great absentees along with the Chinese president Xi Jinpingwhich he chose to send to Premier Li Qiang.

    A summit dominated by the West, but with difficulties in building consensus

    Despite the absence of their presidents, both Russia and China say they are willing to cooperate with the G20 countries.

    Before Lavrov’s arrival, in a statement, the Russian Foreign Ministry focused on its “efforts” to avoid “explaining the world’s humanitarian and economic problems solely through the conflict in Ukraine.”

    Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov arrives at a hotel ahead of the G20 Summit in New Delhi, India, on September 8, 2023.

    Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov arrives at a hotel ahead of the G20 Summit in New Delhi, India, on September 8, 2023. © Amit Dave / Reuters

    This statement clashes with the words of the President of the European Council, Charles Michel, who targeted Russia for deepening a food crisis by blocking Ukraine’s grain exports through the Black Sea.

    The European leader called Moscow’s approach “cynical”, which “is creating more difficulties for developing countries.” “By deliberately attacking Ukraine’s ports, the Kremlin is depriving people of the food they desperately need,” he said.

    For his part, the spokesperson for the Chinese Foreign Ministry, Mao Ning, maintained that Beijing seeks to work with all parties to achieve a positive result at the summit. That was his response to Sunak’s accusations, who blamed China for delaying agreements on several issues, including the war in Ukraine.

    In this context, despite the dominance of the presence of Western leaders, the prospects of getting a joint statement are difficult. Although India said it had a draft of that text “almost ready”, both the United States and the European Union put a cold shoulder to the possibility of a consensus.

    US Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen admitted that “it is being difficult to craft that language for the statement, but I know that those who are negotiating continue to talk about it and are working hard on it.”

    “It is difficult to predict whether it will be possible to reach an agreement on the declaration,” added Charles Michel. “We are still negotiating.”

    In addition to Russia and China, another of the great absentees – not counting the President of the Spanish Government, Pedro Sanchez, who contracted Covid-19 – is the Ukrainian president Volodymyr Zelensky. India decided not to invite the Ukrainian president to avoid the focus of the meeting being the war started by Russia.

    However, it is impossible for the issue to be left aside. Western leaders want any final statement to include a strong condemnation of the invasion, while India has suggested that the common text condemn the suffering caused by the conflict but also reflect Moscow and Beijing’s stance that the G20 summit should not be held. It is the place for geopolitics.

    The climate crisis, another point of contention

    The other big issue dividing waters between leaders is the climate crisis, more precisely, how to adopt a unified approach towards reducing emissions and transitioning from fossil fuels to clean energy.

    The nations that make up the G20 are responsible for almost 80% of global emissions and 85% of the world’s gross domestic product, so it is key that they lead the strongest actions to stop climate change, according to experts.

    A man walks through the venue of the G20 environment and climate sustainability working group meeting in Chennai, India, on July 27, 2023.

    A man walks through the venue of the G20 environment and climate sustainability working group meeting in Chennai, India, on July 27, 2023. © R. Satish Babu / AFP

    According to the Reuters agency, there are three points to be resolved among the G20 leaders: peak its greenhouse gas emissions by 2025, a commitment to gradually reduce fossil fuel use and triple renewable energy targets.

    Saudi Arabia, the world’s largest oil producer, is at the forefront of rejecting the reduction of fossil fuels and opposes increasing renewable energy targets, along with China, Russia, South Africa and Indonesia.

    According to environmental experts, if the G20 does not set more ambitious goals in its fight against the climate crisis, it would put the goal of limiting global warming to 1.5º C in even greater danger and hamper the prospects for success. of the COP28 climate summit, to be held in December in the United Arab Emirates.

    With Reuters and EFE

    Source: France 24

    This post is posted by Awutar staff members. Awutar is a global multimedia website. Our Email: [email protected]


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