NewsAfricaHeavy fighting in Sudan takes on an 'ethnic dimension', says UN

    Heavy fighting in Sudan takes on an ‘ethnic dimension’, says UN

    Heavy fighting erupted on Sunday in Sudan’s capital Khartoum, but also in Darfur, where tribal fighters and militias joined in the clashes. This violence now takes on an “ethnic dimension” which could make it “crimes against humanity”, according to the UN.

    Residents of the Sudanese capital of Khartoum were woken up on Sunday July 2 to the sound of “violent fighting with all types of weapons”, one of them told AFP, and “combat planes flying over”, complete a second. The fighting bears witness to the fierce struggle for power between the army and paramilitaries in Sudan, where the spread of disease and the malnutrition of displaced children worry humanitarians.

    The clashes are particularly intense in Khartoum, but also in Darfur, a vast region the size of France, bordering Chad, where tribal fighters, local militias and armed civilians have joined the conflict between soldiers and paramilitaries. Violence which now takes on an “ethnic dimension”, which could make it “crimes against humanity”, according to the UN.

    Read Also:   Emmanuel Macron's visit to Benin: security and cultural cooperation on the menu

    100 sexual assaults

    Since its outbreak on April 15, the conflict has left nearly 3,000 dead and 2.8 million displaced and refugees. The government body for the fight against violence against women indicates that it has identified a hundred sexual assaults, a toll probably just as underestimated as that of the human losses, both victims and caregivers are unable to move under bombs.

    This body at the forefront of the census of rapes in Sudan reports “25 sexual assaults in Nyala”, capital of South Darfur, “21 sexual assaults in El-Geneina”, capital of East Darfur and “42 others in Khartoum”.

    In Khartoum, “most of the survivors” identified the paramilitaries of General Mohamed Hamdane Daglo’s Rapid Support Forces (RSF) as the perpetrators, and in Darfur, “all the survivors accused the RSF”, reports the same source.

    Most of the RSFs at war with the army led by General Abdel Fattah al-Burhane are Janjaweed, Arab militiamen who ravaged Darfur and its non-Arab minorities in the early 2000s on behalf of dictator Omar el- Bashir, deposed in 2019.

    Read Also:   A Frenchman arrested in Morocco and threatened with extradition to the United States for cybercrime

    Read alsoBehind the violence in Sudan, an “existential” conflict between two military leaders

    Today, this new war has pushed nearly 180,000 Darfuris to flee to Chad, according to the UN. Inside Sudan itself, nearly 2.2 million people have been displaced. “Hundreds of thousands of people, mostly women and children” are crammed into “nine camps in White Nile State”, which runs from south of Khartoum to the border with South Sudan, reports the NGO Doctors Without Borders (MSF).

    “The situation is serious: there are suspected cases of measles, and child malnutrition is a vital health emergency”, warns the NGO, in one of the poorest countries in the world where, already before the war, a person out of three suffered from hunger.

    “From June 6 to 27, we treated 223 children possibly suffering from measles, 72 were hospitalized and 13 died in the two hospitals we support,” says MSF.

    Read Also:   Samura Kamara, the seasoned technocrat who dreamed of taking his revenge

    The danger of the rainy season

    Humanitarians continue to demand safe corridors to access the wounded and especially the displaced, but so far no truce announced to this effect has been respected.

    NGOs insist that time is running out because Sudan has entered its rainy season, which runs from June to September. With the downpours that suddenly fall on this arid territory, floods are frequent, blocking the roads and claiming victims each year. And their stagnant waters favor epidemics ranging from malaria to cholera and dengue fever.

    Despite the urgency, the meager diplomatic efforts undertaken so far by the Americans and the Saudis alone have come to nothing, as the two belligerents are betting on a military victory rather than a negotiated outcome.

    With AFP

    Source: France 24

    This post is posted by Awutar staff members. Awutar is a global multimedia website. Our Email: [email protected]


    Please enter your comment!
    Please enter your name here

    five × three =

    Subscribe & Get Latest News